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The Importance of Smoke Alarms

The Importance of Smoke Alarms

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Smoke alarms are a life-saving device that is often neglected. Many homes have at least one smoke alarm but they forget to replace the batteries yearly and test it periodically. This device can only save lives if it’s properly maintained and in good working condition.

This article will emphasise how important it is to have at least one smoke alarm on each floor of your home.

Buy smoke alarms

Experts report that the consumers may cut their risk of dying in a home fire in half by having a smoke alarm installed. These smoke alarms are available at nearly all departments stores, hardware and discount stores for under £10. The peace of mind you will have from knowing that you and your family is safe and secure is worth the investment.

Safety in numbers

It’s important to install at least one smoke alarm on each floor of your residence and outside all the sleeping areas. Other fire safety advocates recommend installing smoke alarms inside each sleeping area if they are sleeping with the door closed.

Keep your alarms working properly

Maintain and test your smoke alarms at least once a month or just follow the manufacturer’s instructions. These alarms most often fail because of dead, missing or disconnected batteries. It’s important to change the batteries once a year and test it by simply pushing a button and listen to hear the beep.

Practice a fire escape plan

In addition to installing smoke alarms in your home, it’s also crucial to develop a fire escape plan and practice it at least twice a year with all the members of your family or household. Every family member should know at least two ways to escape each room in case there’s a fire. Stay as close to the floor as possible since smoke and hot air rises rapidly making the floor the safest place to breathe. When you encounter a closed door during your escape, feel the door before opening it. If it is too hot to touch, use another emergency exit. It’s also very important to teach your children on how to get out in case of fire, not just hide under a bed or inside a closet.

EJS Electrical provides a wide range of electrical installations and services to a variety of domestic customers. All work is guaranteed to be of the highest quality. Contact us today through 01793 238806 or info@ejselectrical.co.uk

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How Long You Have To Fix Defects Following Electrical Inspection

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To prevent any danger caused by faulty electrical systems and other activities related to such, the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (EAWR), urges employers, employees and the self-employed to be dutiful. But the EAWR can only do so much with regards to issues on electrical inspection and testing alone. Regulation 4 says that employers should take all needed steps ‘so far as reasonably practicable’ to prevent danger arising from electrical systems and work activities on or near them.

Here are tips as to where duty holders should go for their electrical inspection and testing and when they need to handle defects depending on how severe the problem is:

BEST PRACTICE

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) made the Memorandum of Guidance on the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 which serves as an advisory document of best practice. This, in turn, references the Institute of Engineering Technology (IET) Wiring Regulations (BS 7671) as “a code of practice which is widely recognised and accepted in the UK and compliance with them is likely to achieve compliance with the relevant aspects of the EAWR”.

IGNORE AT YOUR PERIL

The Guidance and the referenced IET Regulations are only advisory, as duty holders are required to prove that they took all steps ‘so far as reasonably practicable’ as per the new sentencing guidelines that now state that courts need to consider the risk of harm and the accountability of defendants.

THE IET REGULATIONS, DEFECT CODES AND EXPECTED TIME FRAME

The following should be included and the standardised codes that should be part of all electrical testing and reports:
  • Test results
  • Condition Report: This will state how severe the defects are against the standards.
  • Schedule of Defects: These will be given the codes C1,C2,C3, and FI terms of severity of defects and timescales for rectification

The time when you have to carry out repairs depends on the Schedule of Defect code.

C1: DANGER PRESENT (REQUIRES IMMEDIATE ACTION)

When danger is present, immediate action is advised without delay to fix the defect or take any other appropriate step to remove the danger.

Examples:

  • Exposed live parts
  • Live conductive parts due to faults

C2: POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS (ACTION SHOULD USUALLY BE TAKEN WITHIN 30 DAYS)

As we all know, the installation may not pose any immediate risk but urgent action is required to remove any potential danger.

Examples:

  • No reliable and/or effective ways of earthing for installation
  • No earthing at a socket outlet
  • Ineffective overcurrent protection

C3: IMPROVEMENTS NEEDED: NO TIME LIMIT PROVIDED.

This applies when present on the case is a clear non-compliance with a current safety standard is found. Remedial action would significantly improve safety but there is no immediate or potential danger, Remedial work should be given consideration.

Examples:

  • No RCD protection for a socket-outlet that supply portable or mobile equipment for outdoor use
  • No RCD protection for cables at a depth of less than 50mm from a surface of a wall where cables do not incorporate an earthed metallic covering, not enclosed in earthed metalwork, or are not mechanically protected against penetration

FI: FOR FURTHER INVESTIGATION: THE ISSUE SHOULD BE INVESTIGATED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

If a potential safety issue has been found but is not yet fully identified, further investigation regarding the matter is highly recommended.

Examples:

  • Characteristics of electricity supply do not conform to supply industry norms
  • Presence of circuits that cannot be readily identified or traced
To understand and achieve compliance when it comes to your electrical inspection and testing responsibilities is to know what your duties are based on the law. If you need any assistance and want to more about the process, you may visit the official website of EJS Electrical.